Designed to revolutionise the way the SAF trains soldiers in judgemental and urban operations shooting, the new one-stop Multi-Mission Range Complex (MMRC) has been equipped with state-of-the-art technology to provide realistic scenario-based training. In February 2013, DSTA completed the redevelopment of the previous 100-metre outdoor range into a three-storey live-firing facility featuring seven indoor shooting ranges.

DSTA engineers incorporated a customised video targetry system, leveraging acoustic technologies which determine bullet trajectories to millimetre accuracies, to enable marksmanship shooting beyond one kilometre in a 50-metre range. In addition, the video targetry systems also allow judgemental live-firing training to be conducted using video-based scenarios in civilian and military installations. At the multi-tiered range, soldiers are able to hone their marksmanship by engaging targets from both levels of two-storey buildings.

DSTA, in collaboration with industry partners, co-developed the single rail moving targetry system to resolve the obstruction of a firer’s line-of-sight to the targets. A conventional targetry system with multiple rails staggered front and back would only give partial visibility of a target due to obstruction. With the single rail moving targetry system, soldiers are able to engage moving targets with equal target exposure area in all lanes. In addition, urban warfare live-firing training can be facilitated with the configurable walls simulating different scenarios in the urban operations live-firing range. As training can now be conducted under all weather conditions during day or night, the number of available live-firing hours has increased significantly for the SAF.

The development of the MMRC required a multitude of interdependent specialised areas within DSTA. The engineers had to understand cross-competency requirements to ensure seamless integration of the simulation systems, personnel systems, mechanical and electrical systems, ammunition and live-firing range systems. The DSTA team designed an integrated mechanism to link up the newly developed IT system in the MMRC with the SAF’s existing IT systems. To achieve this, the team had to deal with the complexity in data integration points across the various SAF systems. These included the training programmes, firers’ information and results, ammunition and weapons management, which required a multi-disciplinary team to understand the various message formats, anticipate failure points and propose exceptional scenarios for end-to-end system testing.

Beyond integrating advanced systems, the team also improved indoor air quality of the range by using unidirectional and optimised air flow that carries lead particles to designated exhaust points. With the MMRC in operation, the SAF can better meet its training needs for marksmanship and scenario-based judgemental shooting within an optimised training window.

The co-location of seven ranges under one roof has also freed up substantial space for other developments in land-scarce Singapore.